Milestone Mondays!- 18 months-24 months!

It’s been awhile since I’ve posted a Milestone Mondays post, so I’ll continue in order discussing 18-24 months!  The reason I post about typical milestones is so that parents pay attention to how their children are developing and to discuss concerns about possible delays with their pediatrician.   Make sure to scroll to the bottom to see the list of activities you should be concerned about for this age to discuss with your pediatrician.

I gathered this info from a site I brought up in a previous postCDC’s Act Early Campaign, as well as 2 tests/guidelines I use when assessing developmental delays- Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, Gesell Developmental Schedules.

The main fun things that are happening between 18-24 months include:

  • your child is talking more and interacting with you more by using 2 word phrases and pointing and should have at least 50 words
  • your child is exploring their environment fairly well and walking independently without tripping in familiar environments, and is starting to walk up/down stairs with your supervision.- if your child is still unable to walk without assistance, please see your pediatrician to determine cause and possible referral to PT
  • your child is beginning to feed themselves using utensils and holding regular cups
  • your child is beginning to draw lines/circles using a crayon
  • and of course, let’s not forget temper tantrums begin at this time! 🙂 Refer to my previous post to learn more about dealing with tantrums. 

 

Gross motor:

18 months-

  • Walks alone
  • May walk up steps and run
  • Pulls toys while walking
  • Can help undress herself
  • Drinks from a cup
  • Eats with a spoon
  • Walks up/down stairs holding onto 1 hand
  • Kicks ball in standing with demonstration

24 months-

  • Stands on tiptoe
  • Kicks a ball upon request
  • Begins to run stiffly
  • Climbs onto and down from furniture without help
  • Walks up and down stairs holding on
  • Throws ball overhand
  • Begins to jump with both feet in the air
  • Tries to stand on 1 foot

Fine motor:

18 months-

  • Can make a tower of 4 cubes
  • Can turn 2-3 pages at a time in a book
  • Can insert a round peg into a pegboard

24 months-

  • Can make a tower of 7 cubes
  • Can thread shoelaces through a hold
  • Can insert a square shape into a shape sorter consistently
  • Makes or copies straight lines and circles

Social-emotional:

18 months-

  • Likes to hand things to others as play
  • May have temper tantrums
  • May be afraid of strangers
  • Shows affection to familiar people
  • Plays simple pretend, such as feeding a doll
  • May cling to caregivers in new situations
  • Points to show others something interesting
  • Explores alone but with parent close by

24 months-

  • Copies others, especially adults and older children
  • Gets excited when with other children
  • Shows more and more independence
  • Shows defiant behavior (doing what he has been told not to)
  • Plays mainly beside other children, but is beginning to include other children, such as in chase games

Language/ Communication

18 months-

  • Says several single words
  • Says and shakes head “no”
  • Points to show someone what he wants

24 months-

  • Points to things or pictures when they are named
  • Knows names of familiar people and body parts
  • Says sentences with 2 to 4 words
  • Follows simple instructions
  • Repeats words overheard in conversation
  • Points to things in a book

Cognitive (Learning, thinking, problem-solving)

18 months-

  • Knows what ordinary things are for; for example, telephone, brush, spoon
  • Points to get the attention of others
  • Shows interest in a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feed
  • Points to one body part
  • Scribbles on his own
  • Can follow 1-step verbal commands without any gestures; for example, sits when you say “sit down”

24 months-

  • Finds things even when hidden under two or three covers
  • Begins to sort shapes and colors
  • Completes sentences and rhymes in familiar books
  • Plays simple make-believe games
  • Builds towers of 4 or more blocks
  • Might use one hand more than the other
  • Follows two-step instructions such as “Pick up your shoes and put them in the closet.”
  • Names items in a picture book such as a cat, bird, or dog

 

If You’re Concerned – Act Early

Tell your child’s doctor or nurse if you notice any of these signs of possible developmental delay for this age, andtalk with someone in your community who is familiar withservices for young children in your area, such as your state’s public early intervention program. For more information,visit our “If You’re Concerned” web pageor call 1-800-CDC-INFO.

By the end of 18 months-

Act early by talking to your child’s doctor if your child:

  • Doesn’t point to show things to others
  • Can’t walk
  • Doesn’t know what familiar things are for
  • Doesn’t copy others
  • Doesn’t gain new words
  • Doesn’t have at least 6 words
  • Doesn’t notice or mind when a caregiver leaves or returns
  • Loses skills he once had

By the end of 24 months-

Act early by talking to your child’s doctor if your child:

  • Doesn’t use 2-word phrases (for example, “drink milk”)
  • Doesn’t know what to do with common things, like a brush, phone, fork, spoon
  • Doesn’t copy actions and words
  • Doesn’t follow simple instructions
  • Doesn’t walk steadily
  • Loses skills she once had
Advertisements


Categories: Milestone Mondays

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: